The Ministry of Health wishes to inform the public about the outbreak of novel Coronavirus affecting multiple countries in Asia and the USA. The Ministry of Health has developed a plan to prevent, detect and responds to any suspected cases of Novel Coronavirus infection.
On 31 December 2019, the WHO China Country Office was informed of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China. A novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was identified as the causative virus by Chinese authorities on 7 January 2020.
As of 23 January 2020, a total of 581 confirmed cases have been reported to novel coronavirus (2019-nCov) globally:
. Of the 581 reported, 574 cases were reported from China, four from Thailand, one from Japan, one from the Republic of Korea and one from the USA
. Cases in Thailand, Japan and the Republic of Korea were exported from Wuhan City, China;
. 17 deaths have been reported from China, most cases had underlying diseases
. To date, sixteen health workers have been infected.
How can infection by Coronavirus be prevented?
Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing. There is no vaccine available.
How are Coronaviruses transmitted?
There is evidence that there is human to human transmission of the novel Coronavirus.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
What are Coronaviruses?
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that causes illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.